May 2019- Urban Ecology E555 Research Papers, Spring 2019
- "Urban Forest Patch Connectivity: An Assessment of Stream Corridors and Surrounding Land Cover in Bloomington"
Since many urban forest patches are isolated across landscapes, riparian corridors could be important avenues that help wildlife, and plants connect to other urban green spaces. This study uses a Geographical Information Systems (GIS) approach to measure how urban stream corridors contribute to forest patch connectivity in a city. The most important takeaway from this analysis is that the GIS method utilized could be implemented in other cities to assess how isolated forest patches are connected via stream corridors.
- "Urban Bird Diversity"
This paper compared bird diversity across three Midwestern cities (Springfield IL, Indianapolis IN, Columbus OH) using Christmas Bird Count Data to determine if there is a correlation between more green space and increased bird diversity. Because the study was limited in scope (three cities, 3 time periods and types of land cover examined), future studies should be expanded and additionally examine more closely the types of species seen.
- "Vulnerability Assessment of Bloomington’s Urban Canopy"
The USFS Urban Forestry Climate Change Response Framework was applied to create a vulnerability assessment and adaptation plan for the urban forest in two neighborhoods found within Bloomington, Indiana. Lessons learned from this pilot project were used to draft ideas to inform future urban forest management efforts in Bloomington related to climate change. Based upon the analysis of the 2001 street tree inventory, tree species population diversity and size structure were assessed regarding vulnerability to climate change. Recommendations include broadening the species base, particularly beyond maple, and to consider species more adapted to future climate conditions.
Research Paper-Literature Review Hybrid
- "Urban Ecology of the Indianapolis Central Canal: Ecosystem engineering and patch dynamics"
The Indianapolis Canal is the only finished segment of a cross-state shipping canal proposed and built in the 1830s. This paper analyzes historical, social, and ecological conditions that are associated with the urban patches comprising the Canal areas, finding current and historic ecological differences in these patches as the Canal traverses the city. An outcome of this paper is the potential development of a framework where urban patches can be studied to assess historic, current, and future conditions.
Research Literature Reviews
- "Urban Soil Contamination and Urban Agriculture"
- "The Evolution of Citizen Science and its Application is Urban Ecology"
- "Exploring Urban Environmental Justice Initiatives for Urban Green Spaces: Combatting Environmental Gentrification"